How To Evaluate a Good Floor Plan
Floor Plan – Lets discuss How to evaluate and find a flat with good floor plan
In each floor plan, identify the three main areas of the home The three main areas are the living, sleeping, and service areas.
The living area includes the living room, dining room, and family or recreation room. It also includes special rooms, such as a study, den,library, music room, or hobby room, as well as entryways, outdoor Space , and porch. The sleeping area includes the bedrooms, bathrooms,and dressing rooms.
The service area includes other rooms, such as the kitchen, clothes-care center, utility room,basement, and garage.
If you have identified the three areas of the home on a floor plan and you like how they are grouped, the next step is to map the circulation.
Circulation is the route that people follow as they move from one place to another in the home.Circulation is not limited to hall space; it may pass through a room. Generally 3 to 4 ft. of space should be allowed for circulation paths.
Generally, routes with high circulation frequency are short and direct in a good floor plan. The habits, needs, and special considerations of a household also affect the quality of circulation. Therefore, a given plan may be good for one household but not another.
Types of Circulation
The four basic types of circulation patterns are family, work, service, and guest. Each type of circulation should be mapped and identified as you evaluate the floor plan. This procedure should help you evaluate the efficiency of the floor plan.
Family circulation is the most complex and difficult pattern to identify. Members of each household have different living habits that produce different circulation patterns. Try to map movements on a room-to-room and activity-to-activity basis. A good family circulation pattern usually follows these principles:
A bath is located close to the bedrooms. The indoor living area is readily accessible to an outdoor living area such as a patio or deck. Related rooms are close together. High-frequency circulation routes are short and simple. Excessive hall space is avoided. Rooms are not cut in half by circulation routes. A floor plan that follows these principles is likely to be convenient for household members.
The kitchen is generally the hub of the work circulation pattern. Circulation should move easily from the refrigerator to the sink to the cooking units and to the eating areas. Placing these areas relatively close together allows kitchen tasks to be done quickly and easily.
The kitchen should be located adjacent to the dining area. No cross traffic should be allowed to interfere with the circulation back and forth between the cooking and eating areas. This rule is intended to help prevent spills and broken dishes. The kitchen should also be located near the service entrance for convenience in many tasks. Good accessibility to other parts of the home such as bedrooms and baths is also desirable. Consider the number of trips that must be made from the kitchen to other rooms while cooking and cleaning.
Service circulation relates to the movement of people in and out of the home as they make service calls, deliver goods, read meters, take out garbage, and so on. It makes no difference whether household members do these tasks. The result is the same as it relates to the floor plan. In a good floor plan, no one should have to cross the kitchen to get to the basement or cross the dining room to carry groceries to the kitchen.
Locating a service entrance near the kitchen and basement enhances good service circulation. A good floor plan provides easy access to and from the kitchen, basement, garage, and other service areas.
This circulation pattern is the easiest to define. It simply involves movement from the entry to the coat closet and to the living room with access to powder room facilities. Guests should be able to move from the entry to the living area without passing through other rooms. A small house or apartment may not have a separate foyer or entrance area. In this case, guests may enter directly into the living room. They still should have access to a coat closet and powder room without having to pass through the main part of the living room.
After the various circulation patterns are identified and analyzed, they should be evaluated in terms of circulation frequency. For example, how often does a family member walk from the recreation room to the kitchen compared to a guest walking into the living room? If dozens of family trips occur for each guest’s visit, obviously the route from the recreation room to the kitchen should receive higher priority
Realistically, all floor plans are compromises. One plan may have a perfect service circulation, while another has excellent family circulation. Still others may be average on all counts. The main goal is to judge how compatible the floor plan and circulation patterns are with the lifestyle of household members.
The satisfaction household members receive from their living space is determined largely by the floor plan of their home. The size of a room is not always an accurate indication of its usable space, 2-4. Poorly located doors, windows, and closets, or too many architectural features interrupting wall space can greatly reduce usable space. See in the picture. When evaluating floor plans, study the potential for furniture arrangement and circulation within each room.
The relationship of one room to another dictates how functional the space will be. For example, the dining area should be located adjacent to the living room for convenience in entertaining. The dining area should also be located next to the kitchen for ease in serving food.
For good accessibility, at least one bathroom should be located where people can reach it without having to go through another room. Finally, privacy should be considered in terms of both sight and sound.
The floor plan picture below shows logical and functional room relationships. The dining room is adjacent to both the living room and the kitchen. Another, smaller eating area is located in the kitchen itself. For added convenience, the kitchen has an access to the garage. The living room is large enough to accommodate several people. The walkway along one side promotes good circulation and adds space to the room. A coat closet and powder room are easily accessible to guests. All the bedrooms are near the bath and linen closet. The bath is centrally located, which is important since the plan includes only one bath. A second bath (for the master bedroom) could replace the current exterior storage.
28 by 40 Ft , 3 bedroom home packs a lot of convenience into its 1120 sq ft of living Space
Below is the picture of a convenient, Well Designed Floor PlanGoogle+ image
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